Volkswagen Golf/Jetta 2 manual

Front suspension strut - removal, overhaul and refitting
Suspension and steering / Front suspension strut - removal, overhaul and refitting


Removal
1 Apply the handbrake then jack up and support the front of the vehicle on axle stands (see УJacking and vehicle supportФ). Remove the roadwheel on the side concerned.

2 Position a jack under the outer end of the track control arm for support.

3 In the engine compartment, prise the cap from the top of the strut (see illustration) and unscrew the self-locking nut whilst holding the piston rod stationary with an Allen key. Renew the self-locking nut.

2.3 Removing front suspension strut top cap
2.3 Removing front suspension strut top cap

4 Undo and remove the anti-roll bar eye bolt nut.

5 Detach the steering tie-rod balljoint.

6 Remove the brake caliper and hang it up to one side. Detach the brake line from the strut.

7 Scribe an alignment mark around the periphery of the suspension strut-to-wheel bearing housing location lugs to ensure accurate positioning when refitting, then undo the two retaining nuts and withdraw the two bolts securing the strut at its bottom end to the wheel bearing housing (see illustration).

2.7 Strut-to-front wheel bearing housing retaining nuts/bolts
2.7 Strut-to-front wheel bearing housing retaining nuts/bolts

Renew the self-locking nuts and washers.

8 Lower the track control arm to disengage the strut from its top mounting, then prise it free from the wheel bearing housing.

Overhaul
9 Do not attempt to remove the coil spring from the strut unless a spring compressor is available. If a suitable compressor is not available, take the strut to a garage for dismantling and assembly.

10 Support the lower end of the strut in a vice, then fit the coil spring compressor into position and check that it is securely located.

11 Compress the spring until the upper spring retainer is free of tension, then remove the slotted nut from the top of the piston rod.

To do this, a special tool is available (see illustration). However, it is possible to hold the piston rod stationary with an Allen key or spanner on the flats (as applicable) and use a peg spanner to unscrew the slotted nut.

2.11 Using special tool to unscrew slotted nut from front suspension
2.11 Using special tool to unscrew slotted nut from front suspension

Peg spanner and Allen key or suitable spanner will suffice

12 Remove the strut bearing, followed by the spring retainer (see illustration).

2.12 Front suspension strut and coil spring components
2.12 Front suspension strut and coil spring components

13 Lift the coil spring from the strut with the compressor still in position. Mark the top of the spring for reference.

14 Withdraw the bump stop components from the piston rod, noting their order of removal.

15 Move the shock absorber piston rod up and down through its complete stroke and check that the resistance is even and smooth.

If there are signs of seizing or lack of resistance, or if fluid has been leaking excessively, the shock absorber/strut unit should be renewed.

16 The coil springs are normally colour-coded. If the springs are to be renewed (it is advisable to renew the springs as an axle set), be sure to get the correct replacement type with an identical colour code.

17 Reassembly is a reversal of removal.

Tighten the slotted nut to the specified torque before releasing the spring compressor.

Refitting
18 Refitting is a reversal of the removal procedure. Tighten all retaining nuts to the specified torque and use only new self-locking nuts with special washers to secure the strut-to-wheel bearing housing bolts.


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